appreciated. He also called for accelerating the building of a world-class military. The communal violence of April 2022 was more the norm than the exception in the city of Khambhat. Discovery Company. * Xi opened the week-long, twice-a-decade session last Sunday with a speech touting China's fight against COVID-19, the party's safeguarding of national security, maintaining social stability, and taking control of the situation in Hong Kong, which was rocked by anti-government protests in 2019. Checking in on Chinas economy during the 20th Party Congress, Great power competition has shifted in the United States favour. Therefore, Xis inactions speak at the same volume, if not louder, as the actions of violations mentioned above. The only violation concerns Wang Yi, the current minister of foreign affairs. 12:30 - 5:45 PM ET. The scale of the challenge may grow in the coming years, though, as Beijing intensifies focus on Taiwan and brings more resources to its attempts to tilt developments in its preferred direction. The industry leader for online information for tax, accounting and finance professionals. DIANA FU (@dianafutweets) On October 12, the final plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party concluded, as it usually does, with the outgoing committee giving its approval for the work report that Xi Jinping will present at the 20th Party Congress, as well as for unspecified amendments to the party's constitution. Theyre wrong. Now that the drama has dissipated, we need to ask the deeper questions, ones that go beyond the specific choices of personnel in this leadership reshuffle and will have a long-term impact on Politburo politics.  Subsequent official voting results showed that all proposals passed unanimously with no abstentions or negative votes. We have witnessed age-eligible ordinary Politburo members being denied a membership renewal at the 16th Party Congress election overseen by Jiang Zemin in 2002 (one case, Li Tieying, who was 66 at the time), at the 18th Party Congress election overseen by Hu Jintao in 2012 (one case, concerning Wang Lequan, who was not yet 68 when the congress convened), and, on an expanded scale, at the 19th Party Congress election overseen by Xi Jinping in 2017 (three cases concerning Li Yuanchao, Liu Qibao, and Zhang Chunxian), which are all within the remit of the rule. Welcome to todays Morning Brief, where were looking at Chinese President Xi Jinpings new Standing Committee, Britains leadership race to replace Liz Truss, and Ethiopias escalating war. * Lastly, I will flag two significant counterfactuals, namely, some clearly marked paths that Xi did not take, and their possible ramifications. On October 16, 2022, the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party opened in Beijing with General Secretary Xi Jinping delivering a two-hour report to 2,296 delegates. This mechanism provides the party and its top leader a valuable instrument for reinvigorating its elite corps and redistributing power on a large scale in a peaceful manner. The four charges were filed against Ressa and her news site Rappler by President Rodrigo Duterte's administration in 2018. Ethiopian forces advance. Is the paradox meant to demonstrate that he has grabbed power not for self-glorification and vanity but only because it is needed to achieve his New Era political project? * China will make its COVID-19 prevention measures more scientific, accurate and effective, a party spokesman. , In May 2022, the CCP General Office issued a set of regulations warning retired members not to make any negative political comments or discussion of the party's policies in the run-up to the 20th National Congress and that violations of the disciplinary rules will be dealt with seriously. In response, the Party has opted out of concessions, with state media opining that lying flat is no way out of the pandemic. His negative definition of Chinas threat environment provides a perfect justification to intensify control, and the United States and Taiwan are among the convenient dangers to which he can point. So, under the Xi system, power is highly concentrated, the flow of information to the top is tightly constricted, and the risks of anyone challenging Xis view of reality based on objective information are high. * The 37 cases pertain to membership status changes of all sitting members of the 19th Politburo and the PSC (excluding the GPS) as well as newly admitted members promoted from the Central Committee at the 20th Congress.  The newly elected members of the 20th Politburo Standing Committee in addition to Xi were, in their orders of precedence:, At the closing ceremony on 22 October 2022, Hu Jintao, the former General Secretary of the CCP and President of China preceding Xi, who had been sitting next to Xi, was "inexplicably" pulled from his seat and escorted out of the hall by two men in suits and with name badges. Power, Crossroads China drills show Beijing is developing the ability to strangle Taiwan, experts say. Given the opaque nature of Chinese leadership changes, observers expected many surprises at the 20th Party Congress, yet Im still astonished by some of the appointments. Why did he take the harder approach, violating the valuable age limit norm, to achieve something that he could have achieved in a manner that is less antagonizing to other power-holders? October 12, 2022, 6:42 PM. , The Congress saw several amendments to the CCP Constitution, adding the Two Establishes and Two Safeguards, which call for establishing the status of Xi Jinping as the core of the CCP and establishing the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought. , 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhnggu Gngchndng Drshc Qungu Dibio Dhu, National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, 19th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Presidium of the 20th Chinese Communist Party National Congress, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Hu Jintao's removal from the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Center for Strategic and International Studies, "CPC initiates election process for delegates to 20th national congress", "Xi Jinping's path to precedent-breaking third term - Nikkei Asia", "China Looks Ahead to 20th Party Congress in 2022", "CCP formally starts selection process for delegates to next year's congress", "Retired Chinese cadres warned not to make 'negative' comments", "China's Xi reemerges after trip abroad quashing unfounded 'coup' rumors", "(CPC Congress) Xi presides over preparatory meeting for 20th CPC National Congress", "(CPC Congress) Presidium of 20th CPC National Congress holds first meeting", "China quashes social media about protest banners in Beijing", "China's Internet Censors Race to Quell Beijing Protest Chatter", "Anti-Xi protest spreads in China and worldwide as Chinese leader begins third term | CNN", "China's 'Bridge Man' inspires Xi Jinping protest signs around the world", "Anti-Xi Slogans in Rare Beijing Protest Spread Within China", "Anti-Xi Jinping Posters Are Spreading in China via AirDrop", "China's Xi Jinping Stakes Out Ambitions, With Himself at the Center", "Presidium of 20th CPC National Congress holds its first meeting Xi Jinping delivers speech", Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, "Xi Jinping's vision for China's next five years: key takeaways from his speech", "Xi signals continuity in his China Communist Party congress speech", "Full text of Constitution of Communist Party of China", "Factbox: China's Communist Party amends its charter, strengthens Xi's power", "(CPC Congress) Full text of resolution on Party Constitution amendment-Xinhua", "Xi Jinping secures unprecedented third term as China leader", "Politburo Standing Committee: Who are the men who rule China now? , The CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping secured an unprecedented third term as China's leader. Sudans deadly tribal clashes. Asia, Asia These incidents were small-scale, rapidly disseminated then swiftly censored; and contained blatant mockery of paramount leader Xi.  It will be followed by the 21st National Congress of the CCP in 2027. Brookings experts reflect on the elite political gathering and what its outcomes mean for China and the rest of the world. The meeting will spotlight "the major achievements and historical experience of the party's struggle in the . | View Comments (). All Rights Reserved. Surprise 5: I believed that the military leadership would change substantially, but I never thought that the two Central Military Commission vice chairman would be Zhang Youxia and He Weidong. At the same time, the CCP has also made an effort to salvage the norm by offering an account that attributes their exits to their self-sacrificing decision to voluntarily retire so as to make space for younger leaders to rise up. Essential analysis of the stories shaping geopolitics on the continent. Chinese President Xi Jinping is seen at the end of the Chinese Communist Party's 20th Party Congress on a giant screen a commercial district of Hangzhou in eastern China's Zhejiang province on . Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the worlds largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. How does industry define morality? PATRICIA M. KIM (@patricia_m_kim) Xi was able to dominate personnel selection because he had gained control already of the military, the security agencies, the organization/personnel system, and the propaganda system. Twitter:@christinafei. Delivered Thursday. On October 23, the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) finally ended, with a dramatic closing ceremony. The language that Xi used in his work report on Taiwan was firm, but also largely familiar. Two current members have reached traditional retirement age, and China-watchers will look for whether the inclusion of any new member reflects a need to accommodate alternative viewpoints, although under Xi the notion of factions in Chinese politics appears largely to have become a relic.  Elections for the delegates of the 20th Chinese Communist Party National Congress started in November 2021, as well as receiving and amending party documents. The Politburo Standing Committee line-up brought a number of surprises, but Xi still seems to have operated within a broad institutional framework. d provide massive tax credits to programs investing in clean energy. Youre on the list! * Still, the country's vast financial bureaucracy has been busily tamping down ripples of turmoil across its currency and stock markets, with state banks and companies stepping in to provide support and reassurance to investors. That position would provide Xi with greater commanding power, security, and prestige. The rationale would appear to be that if one forfeits his prerogative, that choice shall not annul the prerogative for others or at a different time. Richard C. Bush  The amendments included adding opposition to Taiwan independence. It is no surprise, therefore, that that the Minister of State Security has become a Politburo member forthe first time. With little change expected in broad policy direction, key outcomes from the Congress will revolve around personnel who joins Xi on the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) and who replaces Premier Li Keqiang, who is set to retire in March. Download the FP mobile app to read anytime, anywhere. Weekly update on whats driving U.S. national security policy. It raises the question: How do companies with large global footprints decide which side to pick? The Chinese delegation, led by deputy head of the International Department of the . Please follow our comment guidelines, stay on topic, and be civil, courteous, and respectful of others beliefs. Ling Li teaches Chinese studies at the University of Vienna. Many say the Woman, Life, Freedom movement will threaten the regime this year. Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the worlds largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. To better facilitate the analysis, I also unpack the age limit norm to three sets of rules, which contrasts with the single-level, single-dimensional understanding of this norm that has dominated current analyses. Or is it because making a claim to the party chairmanship is yet too divisive an issue one that would pose a threat to CCP unity, more so than unseating Hu Jintao at the closing ceremony of the congress? This time it caught special attention as it is the first time the leader of China has secured a third term, despite the two term rule, since Mao Zedong. The Party Congress has wrapped up, laying the path for China's next five years. The likely consequence is that Xi & Co. will become even more prone to group think than they already are; they will misperceive the reasons that the regime is facing difficulties and never blame its own policies; and miscalculate how China should respond. The 20th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) opened in Beijing on 16 October 2022. She is currently writing a book on Corruption, Law and Power Struggles The China Model, which will be published by Cambridge University Press in 2023. [1/4]A view of Chinese national flags in a street of an old neighbourhood as the city prepares for the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in Beijing, China October 11, 2022. Jonathan Pershing, formerly the Biden administrations No. Photo by Noel Celis/AFP. " Xi had been harshly critical in his previous speeches, where he spoke of "the problem that the party's leadership had been weakened, blurred, diluted, and marginalized" (Chinese: "") before his leadership. Nevertheless, the age limit norm remains a predominate mechanism that regulates leadership turnover. The most comprehensive solution to manage all your complex and ever-expanding tax and compliance needs. On Saturday, China concluded the 20th Party Congress, where Xi Jinping gave a big speech at the opening ceremony. Chinese President Xi Jinping waves after speaking at a press event at the 20th Party Congress at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Oct. 23. U.S. President Joe Biden meets Israeli President Isaac Herzog. October 21, 2022 January 6, 2023 Archives & Recordings, High Profile Events. , In September 2022, rumours of a coup spread throughout social media, but were quashed after Xi Jinping appeared days later. Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the worlds largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. The 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), commonly referred to as rsh D (Chinese: ), opened in Beijing on 16 October 2022 and closed on 22 October 2022. The makeup and size of the next PSC, now at seven members, will also be closely watched. For the purpose of this analysis, the age limit rules concerning the Politburo and the PSC consist of: First, the 20th Party Congress fully observed the rule of departure at the PSC. The Supreme Court has ruled that despite having actionable intelligence, former President Sirisena and top officials did not act to prevent the 2019 Easter Sunday bombings. Jonathan Pershing, formerly the Biden administrations No. Monday, Oct. 24: German Chancellor Olaf Scholz meets Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal.